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In this Page You will find my lecture notes on Cosmology and  some references on Cosmology (including books, review articles, ...).


My Lecture Notes


* CMB Temperature Anisotropy    (Updated: 23 June 2013) 

*  Non Linear Structure Formation  (Updated: 2 July 2013)

* Dark Matter Halo Bias ( Updated: 29 June 2013)

Notes in Persian

* Milky way I (Updated 6 July 2015)

*Cosmological Perturbation Theory I  (Updated 19 July 2015)

*Cosmological Perturbation Theory II  (Updated 27 July 2015)

* Galaxy clustering (Updated 17 June 2015)

* BAO I (Updated 28 June 2015)

* Spherical Collapse I (Updated 13 July 2015) in Collaboration with Mr. Farbod Hassani

* Bias I (Updated 22 June 2015)

* Excursion Set Theory (Updated 14 October 2021)


Cosmology - Astrophysics and Relativity books



25) An Introduction to Galaxies and Cosmology by Mark H. Jones (Editor), Robert J. A. Lambourne (Editor), Stephen Serjeant (Editor) Cambridge - Open University; 2nd Revised ed. edition (2015)

24) An Introduction to Modern Cosmology by Andrew Liddle, Wiley; 3 edition (2015)

23) Introduction to Cosmology by Matts Roos Wiley; 4 edition ( 2015)

B.Sc. level course-book

22) Neutrino Cosmology - J. Lesgourgues, G. Mangano, G. Miele and S. Pastor - 2013

21) Galaxy Formation and Evolution - Houjon Mo, Frank van den Bosch and Simon White - Cambridge University Press,  2010

20) Particle Dark Matter - Gianfranco Bertone - 2010

19) Observational Cosmology by Stephen Serjeant Cambridge University Press; 1 edition (2010)

18) Dark Energy: Theory and Observation - Luca Amendola and Shinji Tsiujikawa,  Cambridge University Press- 2010

17) Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A basic introduction - Tai-Pei Cheng - 2010

16) Dark Energy - Edited by Pilar Ruiz-Lapuente - 2010

15) Lectures on Cosmology Editors: Wolschin, Georg (Ed.), Springer Edition (2010)

14) The Primordial Density Perturbation - David H. Lyth and Andrew R. Liddle - 2009

13) Primordial Cosmology - Patrick Peter, Jean-Philippe Uzan - 2009

12) Cosmology -  Steven Weinberg, Oxford University Press  2008

11)The Cosmic Microwave Background by Ruth Durrer,Cambridge University Press; - 2008

10) Galactic Dynamics - James Binney and Scott Tremaine - 2008

9) Extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology - Peter Schneider - 2006

8)Physical Foundation of Cosmology - V. Mukhanov,  Cambridge University Press - 2005

7) Modern Cosmology - Scott Dodelson - Academic Press - 2003

6) Introduction to Cosmology by Barbara Ryden Addison-Wesley; 1 edition (2002)

5) Statistics of the galaxy distribution - V. J. Martinez - 2002

4) Cosmology : The origin and evolution of cosmic structures - Peter Coles and Francesco Lucchin - 2002 

7) Cosmology and Astrophysics through problems - T. Padmanabhan - Cambridge University Press - 1996. (GRADUAE)

A very nice self study book with many mind provoking questions and answers in astrophysics and cosmology. Padmanabhan sketch a very interesting path from questions using the first principles of physics in statistical mechanics, classical mechanics and electrodynamics in to the very hard and research oriented questions in modern cosmology. It is a very good book for a starting graduate student and suitable one for self study in a summer time.

6) Cosmological Physics by John A. Peacock - Cambridge University Press - 1999

5) The Early Universe by by Edward Kolb and Michael Turner, Westview Press - 1994

4)Structure Formation in the Universe - T. Padmanabhan - Cambridge University Press - 1993

3)  Principles of Physical Cosmology by James Peebles -  Princeton University Press  -1993

2)  The Large Scale Structure of Universe by James Peebles - Princeton University Press - 1980

1) Gravitation and Cosmology - Steven Weinberg - 1972



7)Astrophsyics for physicists - Arnab Rai Choudhuri - 2010

6)Particle Astrophysics - Donald Perkins - 2009

5)Astrophysical Techniques - C.R. Kitchin - 2009

4) Astrophysics Processes - Hale Bradt - 2008

3)Exoplanets - Edited by John W. Mason - 2008

2) Principles of Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics - C.J. Clarke and R.F. Carswell - 2007

1) Intelligent life in the Universe - Peter Ulmschneider - 2003


Relativity and Gravitation

9) Gravitation: Foundations and Frontiers by T. Padmanabhan - Cambridge University Press - 2010.

8) A first course in General Relativity - Bernard Schutz - 2009

7) Space Time and Geometery: An Introduction to General Relativity - Sean Carroll - 2004

6)Gravity from the Ground Up: An Introductory Guide to Gravity and General Relativity by Bernard Schutz - 2004

5) Exact Solutions of Einstein's field equations- Hans Stephani - 2003

4) General Relativity - Robert M. Wald - 1984

3) The Mathematical theory of black holes - S. Chandrasekhar - 1983

2) Gravitation - Charles W. Misner, Kip S. Thorne, John Archibald Wheeler  - 1973

1) Gravitation and Cosmology: principles and applications of the general theory of relativity by Steven Weinberg 1972


Classic Papers:

1) A Relation between Distance and Radial Velocity among Extra-Galactic Nebulae, Hubble, Edwin, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp. 168-173 Publication 1929

2) Cosmic Black-Body Radiation. Authors: Dicke, R. H.; Peebles, P. J. E.; Roll, P. G.; Wilkinson, D. T. - Astrophysical Journal, vol. 142, p.414-419 - 1965

3) A Measurement of Excess Antenna Temperature at 4080 Mc/s. Penzias, A. A.; Wilson, R. W. Affiliation: AA(Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc.), AB(Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc.) - Astrophysical Journal, vol. 142, p.419-421 - 1965

4) A Numerical Study of the Stability of Flattened Galaxies: or, can Cold Galaxies Survive? Authors: Ostriker, J. P. & Peebles, P. J. E. Journal: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 186, pp. 467-480 (1973) Bibliographic Code: 1973ApJ...186..467O

 Review Articels - Importent Papers


In below, please find some good review articles (RA), Ph.D. thesis(PhD-T) and importent papers(IP) on Cosmology catagorized by subject

 (Updated 16 February 2017)

* Dark Matter

RA- Does dark matter exist? J.A. Sellwood, A. Kosowsky (Rutgers U., Piscataway). Sep 2000. 8 pp. Published in ASP Conf.Ser. 240 (2001) 311 RUTGERS-AP-285 Conference: C00-05-21.1 Proceedings e-Print: astro-ph/0009074

RA -TASI lectures on dark matter Keith A. Olive (Minnesota U., Theor. Phys. Inst.). Jan 2003. 54 pp. UMN-TH-2127-03, TPI-MINN-03-02 Lectures given at Conference: C02-06-02.1, p.797-851 Proceedings e-Print: astro-ph/0301505

RA- Particle dark matter: Evidence, candidates and constraints Gianfranco Bertone (Fermilab), Dan Hooper, Joseph Silk (Oxford U.). Apr 2004. 141 pp. Published in Phys.Rept. 405 (2005) 279-390 FERMILAB-PUB-04-047-A DOI: 10.1016/j.physrep.2004.08.031 e-Print: hep-ph/0404175

RA- Dark Matter Astrophysics Guido D'Amico, Marc Kamionkowski, Kris Sigurdson. Jul 2009. 33 pp. e-Print: arXiv:0907.1912

RA - Dark matter and cosmic structure C.S. Frenk (Durham U.), Simon D.M. White (Garching, Max Planck Inst.). Oct 2012. 28 pp. Published in Annalen Phys. 524 (2012) 507-534 DOI: 10.1002/andp.201200212 e-Print: arXiv:1210.0544


* Large Scale Structure - Perturbation Theory

RA- Large scale structure of the universe and cosmological perturbation theory F. Bernardeau (Saclay), S. Colombi (Paris, Inst. Astrophys.), E. Gaztanaga (CSIC, Catalunya & INAOE, Puebla), R. Scoccimarro (Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study & New York U.). Dec 2001. 309 pp. Published in Phys.Rept. 367 (2002) 1-248 SACLAY-T01-142 DOI: 10.1016/S0370-1573(02)00135-7 e-Print: astro-ph/0112551 | PDF

* Observational Probes of Accelerating Universe

RA-Observational Probes of Cosmic Acceleration David H. Weinberg (Ohio State U., CCAPP & Ohio State U.), Michael J. Mortonson (Ohio State U., CCAPP), Daniel J. Eisenstein (Harvard Coll. Observ. & Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ.), Christopher Hirata (Caltech), Adam G. Riess (Johns Hopkins U.), Eduardo Rozo (Chicago U., KICP). Jan 2012. 289 pp. Published in Phys.Rept. 530 (2013) 87-255 DOI: 10.1016/j.physrep.2013.05.001 e-Print: arXiv:1201.2434 [astro-ph.CO] | PDF

* Non-Gaussianity - Inflation and CMB

RA- Non-Gaussianity from inflation: Theory and observations
N. Bartolo (Sussex U., Astron. Ctr.), E. Komatsu (Texas U., Astron. Dept.), Sabino Matarrese (Padua U. & INFN, Padua), A. Riotto (INFN, Padua). Jun 2004. 215 pp.
Published in Phys.Rept. 402 (2004) 103-266
DOI: 10.1016/j.physrep.2004.08.022
e-Print: astro-ph/0406398

* Primordial Non-Gaussianity and LSS

RA- Primordial non-Gaussianity from the large scale structure
Vincent Desjacques, Uros Seljak, 

RA- Non-Gaussianity from Large-Scale Structure Surveys
Licia Verde,

IP- The imprints of primordial non-gaussianities on large-scale structure: scale dependent bias and abundance of virialized objects
Neal Dalal , Olivier Doré , Dragan Huterer , Alexander Shirokov ,
arXiv:0710.4560  cite(262 - d: 2July2013)

* Non Linear Structure Formation (Semi analytical models and Simulations)

RA- Halo models of large scale structure
Asantha Cooray (Caltech), Ravi K. Sheth (Pittsburgh U. & Fermilab). Jun 2002. 166 pp.
Published in Phys.Rept. 372 (2002) 1-129
DOI: 10.1016/S0370-1573(02)00276-4
e-Print: astro-ph/0206508

IP- Stable clustering, the halo model and nonlinear cosmological power spectra
Virgo Consortium Collaboration (R.E. Smith et al.). Jul 2002. 24 pp.
Published in Mon.Not.Roy.Astron.Soc. 341 (2003) 1311
DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.2003.06503.x

IP-Simulating the joint evolution of quasars, galaxies and their large-scale distribution
Volker Springel, Simon D.M. White, Adrian Jenkins, Carlos S. Frenk, Naoki Yoshida, Liang Gao, Julio Navarro, Robert Thacker, Darren Croton, John Helly et al.. Apr 2005. 42 pp.
Published in Nature 435 (2005) 629-636
DOI: 10.1038/nature03597

RA-The Excursion Set Theory of Halo Mass Functions, Halo Clustering, and Halo Growth
Andrew R. Zentner (Chicago U., KICP & Chicago U., EFI). Nov 2006. 62 pp.
Published in Int.J.Mod.Phys. D16 (2007) 763-816
DOI: 10.1142/S0218271807010511
Lectures given at Conference:

e-Print: astro-ph/0611454

* Modified Theories of Gravity

RA-Modified Gravity and Cosmology
Timothy Clifton, Pedro G. Ferreira, Antonio Padilla, Constantinos Skordis,  

IP-Is cosmic speed - up due to new gravitational physics?
Sean M. Carroll, Vikram Duvvuri (Chicago U., EFI & Chicago U. & Chicago U., KICP), Mark Trodden (Syracuse U.), Michael S. Turner (Chicago U., EFI & Chicago U. & Chicago U., KICP & Chicago U., Astron. Astrophys. Ctr. & Fermilab). Jun 2003. 4 pp.
Published in Phys.Rev. D70 (2004) 043528
FERMILAB-PUB-03-263-A, SU-GP-03-6-2
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.70.043528

IP- Models of f(R) Cosmic Acceleration that Evade Solar-System Tests
Wayne Hu (Chicago U., KICP & Chicago U., EFI & Chicago U., Astron. Astrophys. Ctr.), Ignacy Sawicki (Chicago U., KICP & Chicago U., EFI & Chicago U.). May 2007. 13 pp.
Published in Phys.Rev. D76 (2007) 064004
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.76.064004
e-Print: arXiv:0705.1158 [astro-ph]

RA-f(R) Theories Of Gravity
Thomas P. Sotiriou (Maryland U.), Valerio Faraoni (Bishop's U., Sherbrooke). May 2008. 47 pp.
Published in Rev.Mod.Phys. 82 (2010) 451-497
DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.82.451

RA-Introduction to modified gravity and gravitational alternative for dark energy Shin'ichi Nojiri (Japan, Natl. Defence Academy), Sergei D. Odintsov (ICREA, Barcelona & Barcelona, IEEC). Jan 2006. 21 pp. Published in eConf C0602061 (2006) 06, Int.J.Geom.Meth.Mod.Phys. 4 (2007) 115-146 KARP-2006-06 DOI: 10.1142/S0219887807001928 Lectures given at Conference: C06-02-06.1 Proceedings e-Print: hep-th/0601213 | PDF

* Dark Energy and Cosmological Constant  (Accelerating Universe: From Theory to Obs.)

RA-The Cosmological constant
Sean M. Carroll (Chicago U., EFI). Apr 2000. 50 pp.
Published in Living Rev.Rel. 4 (2001) 1

RA-The Cosmological constant and dark energy
P.J.E. Peebles (Princeton U.), Bharat Ratra (Kansas State U.). Jul 2002. 54 pp.
Published in Rev.Mod.Phys. 75 (2003) 559-606
DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.75.559
e-Print: astro-ph/0207347

RA-Observational Probes of Cosmic Acceleration David H. Weinberg, Michael J. Mortonson, Daniel J. Eisenstein, Christopher Hirata, Adam G. Riess, Eduardo Rozo - arXiv:1201.2434

RA-Dynamics of dark energy Edmund J. Copeland (Nottingham U.), M. Sami (Jamia Millia Islamia), Shinji Tsujikawa (Gunma Coll. Tech.). Mar 2006. 84 pp. Published in Int.J.Mod.Phys. D15 (2006) 1753-1936 DOI: 10.1142/S021827180600942X e-Print: hep-th/0603057 | PDF

IP-Type Ia supernova discoveries at z > 1 from the Hubble Space Telescope: Evidence for past deceleration and constraints on dark energy evolution Supernova Search Team Collaboration (Adam G. Riess et al.). Feb 2004. 72 pp. Published in Astrophys.J. 607 (2004) 665-687 DOI: 10.1086/383612 e-Print: astro-ph/0402512 | PDF

IP- The Cosmological Constant Problem Steven Weinberg (Texas U.). May 1988. 82 pp. Published in Rev.Mod.Phys. 61 (1989) 1-23 UTTG-12-88 DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.61.1

RA - Cosmological constant: The Weight of the vacuum T. Padmanabhan (IUCAA, Pune). Dec 2002. 112 pp. Published in Phys.Rept. 380 (2003) 235-320 DOI: 10.1016/S0370-1573(03)00120-0 e-Print: hep-th/0212290 | PDF


* Gravitational Lensing: Strong, Weak and Micro

Review article: Gravitational Lensing Matthias Bartelmann. Oct 2010. 85 pp. Published in Class.Quant.Grav. 27 (2010) 233001 DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/27/23/233001,  e-Print: arXiv:1010.3829

Review article: Cosmology with cosmic shear observations
Martin Kilbinger. Nov 1, 2014. 62 pp.
e-Print: arXiv:1411.0115

Review article: Gravitational microlensing I: A unique astrophysical tool Sohrab Rahvar. Mar 14, 2015. 34 pp. Published in Int.J.Mod.Phys. D24 (2015) no.07, 1530020 DOI: 10.1142/S0218271815300207 e-Print: arXiv:1503.04271

Review article:Weak gravitational lensing Matthias Bartelmann, Matteo Maturi. Dec 20, 2016. e-Print: arXiv:1612.06535



 RA-  Baryon Acoustic Oscillations                                                                                                                                                                            Bruce A. Bassett, Renee Hlozek. Oct 2009. Published in Dark Energy, Ed. P. Ruiz-Lapuente (2010, ISBN-13: 9780521518888)                                    e-Print: arXiv:0910.5224

RA- Cosmological implications of baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurements
Éric Aubourg (APC, Paris & Paris Observ.), Stephen Bailey, Julian E. Bautista, Florian Beutler, Vaishali Bhardwaj, Dmitry Bizyaev, Michael Blanton, Michael Blomqvist, Adam S. Bolton, Jo Bovy et al.. Nov 4, 2014. 38 pp.
e-Print: arXiv:1411.1074

IP- Detection of the baryon acoustic peak in the large-scale correlation function of SDSS luminous red galaxies SDSS Collaboration (Daniel J. Eisenstein (Arizona U.) et al.). Jan 2005. 15 pp. Published in Astrophys.J. 633 (2005) 560-574 FERMILAB-PUB-05-057-A-CD DOI: 10.1086/466512 e-Print: astro-ph/0501171 | PDF

* 21 cm and Cosmology

RA-21-cm cosmology
Jonathan R. Pritchard, Abraham Loeb. Sep 2011. 61 pp.
Published in Rept.Prog.Phys. 75 (2012) 086901
DOI: 10.1088/0034-4885/75/8/086901
e-Print: arXiv:1109.6012

* Secondary CMB Anisotropies: CMB Lensing - ISW - Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect

RA-Weak gravitational lensing of the cmb
Antony Lewis (Cambridge U., Inst. of Astron.), Anthony Challinor (Cambridge U.). Jan 2006. 87 pp.
Published in Phys.Rept. 429 (2006) 1-65
DOI: 10.1016/j.physrep.2006.03.002
e-Print: astro-ph/0601594

RA- Weak gravitational lensing by large scale structure
Alexandre Refregier (Saclay). Jul 2003. 25 pp.
Published in Ann.Rev.Astron.Astrophys. 41 (2003) 645-668
DOI: 10.1146/annurev.astro.41.111302.102207
e-Print: astro-ph/0307212

IP- Planck 2013 results. XVII. Gravitational lensing by large-scale structure
Planck Collaboration (P.A.R. Ade (Cardiff U.) et al.). Mar 20, 2013. 39 pp.
Published in Astron.Astrophys. 571 (2014) A17
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201321543
e-Print: arXiv:1303.5077

IP-Combined analysis of the integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect and cosmological implications Tommaso Giannantonio (Portsmouth U.), Ryan Scranton (Pittsburgh U.), Robert G. Crittenden, Robert C. Nichol (Portsmouth U.), Stephen P. Boughn (Haverford Coll.), Adam D. Myers (Illinois U., Urbana, Astron. Dept.), Gordon T. Richards (Drexel U.). Jan 2008. 24 pp. Published in Phys.Rev. D77 (2008) 123520 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.77.123520 e-Print: arXiv:0801.4380 [astro-ph] | PDF

RA-Cosmology with the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect John E. Carlstrom , Gilbert P. Holder , Erik D. Reese . Aug 2002. Published in Ann.Rev.Astron.Astrophys. 40 (2002) 643-680 DOI: 10.1146/annurev.astro.40.060401.093803 e-Print: astro-ph/0208192 | PDF


* Black Hole Physics

RA-Testing the nature of dark compact objects: a status report Vitor Cardoso, Paolo Pani. Apr 10, 2019. 75 pp. e-Print: arXiv:1904.05363 [gr-qc] | PDF

* Statistical Methods in Cosmology

RA-Statistical methods in cosmology Licia Verde. Nov 2009. 31 pp. Published in Lect.Notes Phys. 800 (2010) 147-177 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-10598-2_4 e-Print: arXiv:0911.3105 [astro-ph.CO] | PDF




Cosmology - Astrophysics Projects (Experiments - Satellites - Surveys ...)

ADMX - Axion Dark Matter eXperiment

Cosmology - Lectures - Video

Martin White: Nonlinear structure in the universe - Link to lecture

Simon White:  History of Dark Matter Symposium, Amsterdam, June 2013 - Link to Seminar

Jim Peebles, History of Dark Matter Symposium, Amsterdam, June 2013 - Link to Seminar

How radio telescopes show us unseen galaxies | Natasha Hurley-Walker - Link to Talk


Cosmology - General  / Popular Books / History books

1- The First Three Minutes: A Modern View of the Origin of the Universe by Steven Weinberg (1993)

2- Heart of Darkness: Unraveling the Mysteries of the Invisible Universe by Jeremiah P. Ostriker & Simon Mitton - Princeton Univversity Press (2013)

3- The Order of Time by Carlo Rovelli (2017)